This training had 4 objectives:
- To define and circumscribe the contours of sexual corruption;
- To dissect its different manifestations and their impact on women;
- To present the different means of fighting and denouncing it;
- To inform, sensitize and reinforce the knowledge of the students of the law.
Mrs. Naima Benwakrim began by reminding that corruption in all its forms is an intolerable, inadmissible and unbearable practice, which must be fought and denounced at all costs.
She then specified that sexual corruption is a particular and original form of corruption, which is very common in society: whether it is in the school and university environment (to get good grades and/or to access the master’s degree, doctorate), in the business world (to get a promotion, to be recruited), or in the administrations and public services…
Sexual corruption consists in the abusive use by a person of the powers conferred by his functions; this abusive use consists in demanding, in order to provide a theoretically free service, that the applicant agrees to grant a sexual favor in return.
It is clear from this definition that there are 3 constitutive elements of this infraction:
- The existence of an authority, a power or a relationship of force; – The abuse of this power or the detour of this authority for personal ends; – The profit sought is of a sexual, carnal or lustful nature.
After this definition, Mrs. Naima explained to us that, currently, there is a legal vacuum and an absence of penal text which regulates the sexual corruption, which involves a difficulty of qualification, continuation and proof.
Faced with this legislative void, several jurists and activists have demonstrated that the infraction of sexual corruption can be prosecuted on the basis of several articles of the penal code, including.
- Articles relating to corruption in the public sector (248, 251); – Articles relating to influence peddling (250…); – Articles related to sexual harassment (503-1…).
Finally, Mrs. Naima listed the different reasons that prevent women victims of sexual corruption from speaking out, from breaking the omerta or from filing a complaint. These reasons include: fear of stigmatization and of people’s gaze, fear of being badly received by the police, fear of having their reputation denigrated in their environment…